Targeting the Poor of the Sitios through Adopt-A Barangay: Basis for University Extension Programs

Main Article Content

Juvy G. Mojares
George P. Compasivo
Teodoro B. Panganiban

Abstract

San Juan is the poorest barangay in Malvar, Batangas, Philippines for having the highest number of households with income below poverty threshold. San Juan also has the most number of households with income below food threshold (CBMS 2012). For these reasons, San Juan was chosen for the Adopt-A Barangay project of BatStateU-Malvar. The 100 respondents are composed of female adult (67%), youth (15%), male adult (11%) and senior citizen (7%). They were mostly concentrated in the two sitios of Hiyaw and Balayan. Results of the survey confirmed the Community Based Monitor System (CBMS) report particularly on education and livelihood. Most of the respondents are elementary graduates with children in the elementary level. Most of them also are farmers and vendors with no other income and no other skills. However, most of them also do not have idea of what skill to have and training to attend to improve their current situation. Two important issues emerged as basis for intervention of the university. First is the provision of education for out-of school youth (OSY) to finish high school or of technical- vocational training to acquire competency needed by the industry. Second is the provision of livelihood trainings for female adults to start a business even at home.

Keywords:
Adopt-a barangay, intervention, University extension, Philippines.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mojares, J. G., Compasivo, G. P., & Panganiban, T. B. (2020). Targeting the Poor of the Sitios through Adopt-A Barangay: Basis for University Extension Programs. Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, 3(3), 1-18. Retrieved from http://journalajl2c.com/index.php/AJL2C/article/view/30122
Section
Original Research Article

References

Baker HR. A proposal for a Canadian study of agricultural transfer/extension. Unpublished report to the Canadian agricultural Research Council. Cited by Blackburn and Flaherty in Extension Handbook: Processes and Practices. Donald J. Blackburn. Editor. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc; 1984.

Fay IG. Notes on extension in agriculture. New York: Asia Publishing House; 1962.

Schumaker A, Reed BJ, Woods S. Collaborative models for Metropolitan University Outreach: The omaha experience. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research. 2000;5(1).

Aniedi, Archibong Ijeoma, David Otu Effiom. Research mandate of the University: An assessment of junior academic staff participation. Journal of Education and Sociology. 2011;4:3-7.
[ISSN: 2078-032X]

Baconguis, Rowena. Issues and challenges in the governance of the Philippine Agricultural Extension System. Unpublished Professorial Chair. UPLB Laguna; 2010.

Mojares, Juvy, Rowena Baconguis. Extension function in higher educational institutions: Learning from HEIs in Batangas Province, Philippines. USM R&D Journal. 2015;23(1):13-26.

Diem KG. Measuring impact of educational programs. Fact Sheet. New Jersey: Rutgers Cooperative Research and Extension. NJAES; 2004.

Ponniah A, Dijkman J, Hoekstra D, Workneh S. (n.d.). Past, present and future of extension. Canadian International Development Agency.

Lero Ruel F. Deconstructing the concept and operationalization of extension as a function of higher education institutions in the Philippines. Laguna: UPLB. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation; 2010.

Davidson AP. Participation, education and pluralism: Towards a new extension ethic. Development in Practice. 2007;17(1):39– 50.

De Lara GO. Predictors of extension program effectiveness of the Technological University of the Philippines System. Manila: TUP. Unpublished doctoral dissertation; 2004.

Quimbo EM. Extent of extension services delivery in tertiary state technological institutions of the Philippines. IAMURE Multidisciplinary Research Journal. 2013;6.

Alcala AC. Research and extension in the Academe. Dumaguete Metro Pos; 2011.
Available:http://dumaguetemetropost.com/research-extension-in-the-academe-p1185-98-html

Sison FM. The extension programs of State Universities and colleges in region VIII: Their impact on community development. Manila: Philippine Normal University. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation; 1999.

Contaoi MR. The effectiveness of the extension program of the University of Northern Philippines. Vigan City: UNP. Unpublished MA Thesis; 2003.

Tacbas LB, De Vera M, Romo NC. The effectiveness of the extension programs of the University of Northern Philippines SY 2005-2008. UNP Research Journal. 2003;19:151-177.

Orbeta, Aniceto, Michael Abrigo. Philippine International Labor Migration in the Past 30 Years: Trends and Prospects. Discussion Paper Series No; 2009-33 .

Salvador, Vincent Bryan, Ramon Paterno, Elizabeth Paterno, Michael San Juan, Ma. Angeli Sabalo, Sylvette saceda, Carminda Pineda, Enrique Unson, Mel Clark Taveros, Cecille Sales, Gretel Puzon, Tonilene Rafael and Abel Permites. Validation of the Selection Process of PhilHealth Sponsored Members in 4 Barangays in a Municipality in Batangas using the Participatory Action Research. Acta Medica Philippina. 2012;46(1).

Hartanto, Herlina, Cecil Valmores. Facilitating collective action and enhancing local knowledge: A herbal medicine case study in Talaandig communities, Philippines. CAPRi Working Paper # 50 International Food Policy Research Institute; 2006.

Schippmann Uwe, Dianna Leamann, Cunningham AB. Impact of cultivation and gathering of medicinal plants on biodiversity: Global trends and issues. FAO. Biodiversity and the ecosystem approach in agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Satellite event on the occasion of the Ninth Regular Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome, 12-13 October 2002. Inter-Departmental Working Group on Biological Diversity for Food and Agriculture. Rome; 2002.

Abe Reika, Kazuhiro Ohtani. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and traditional therapies on batan Island, the Philippines. Journal of Ethno-pharmacology. 2013;145(2):554-565.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.11.029

Matejowsky Ty. Backyard and community gardening in the urban Philippines: A case study from Urdaneta City, Pangasinan. The Australasian-Pacific Journal of Regional Food Studies; 2013.
Available:https://localejournal.org/issues/n3/Locale%20n3%20-%2005%20-%20Matejowsky.pdf

Oro Emilita, Imelda Agdeppa, Irish Baguilat, Julian Gonsalves, Mario Capanzana, Ma. Sheila Anunciado, Ian Kurt Sarmiento, Kirstein Itliong and Ronnie de Castro. Improving food and nutrition security in the Philippines through school interventions. IDRC Digital Library; 2018.
Available:http://hdl.handle.net/10625/57246

Cameron J, Wright S. Researching diverse food initiatives: From backyard and community gardens to International Markets. Editorial for Special Issue, Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability. 2014;19(1):1-9.

Kim, Bu Kyung, Jee-Yeong Jeong, Kwang-Hyuk Seok, Andrew S. Lee, Chul Ho Oak, Ghi Chan Kim, Chae-Kyeong Jeong, Sung In Choi, Pablo M. Afidchao, and Young Sik Choi. Current Iodine Nutrition Status and Awareness of Iodine Deficiency in Tuguegarao, Philippines. International Journal of Endocrinology; 2014.
[Article ID: 210528]
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/210528

Mello Michelle Marie, Marcus Powlowski, Juan MP, Nañagas, Thomas Bossert. The role of law in public health: The case of family planning in the Philippines. Social Science & Medicine. 2006;63:384-396 .
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.010

Biton, Sarah Jane Arcos. Advancing sexual and reproductive health and rights: An overview of the best practices in the Philippines, Asian Journal of Women's Studies. 2020;26(1):114-127.
DOI: 10.1080/12259276.2019.1690778

Jaen, Anjuli May. Lenora Fernandez, Irene Rosellen Tan, Aileen Wang, Ralph Elvi Villalobos, Mariella Cuñada. Prevalence and demographics of asthma - COPD overlap (ACO) among asthma and COPD patients in the pulmonary clinic of the University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital European Respiratory Journal; 2019;54.
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.congress-2019.PA2630

Domingo, Divine Grace C. Corazon VC Barba, Ma. Theresa M. Talavera, Lutgarda L. Tolentino, Rodesa T. Naupal-Forcadilla. Association of maternal social capital with nutritional status of 6 to 24-month-old children living in urban and rural areas in Laguna, Philippines. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2017;23(1):53–63.

World Health Organization (WHO). Child Growth Standards. WHO, Geneva; 2006.

Lopez Anna Lena, Michelle Ylade, Jedas Veronica Daag, Amado O. Tandoc III, Joseph Bonifacio, Patrick G. Sylim, Ava Kristy Sy, Rex Centeno, Vito Roque Jr., and Maria Joyce Ducusin. Hepatitis B seroprevalence among 5 to 6 years old children in the Philippines born prior to routine hepatitis B vaccination at birth. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics. 2018;14(10):2491–2496.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2018.1480278

Ramirez MA, Anna Rita, Rowena Viajar, Glenda Azana. Operationalizing local children nutrition surveillance system: The Philippines' Operation Timbang revisited, the case of Abra de Ilog. World Nutrition. 2019;10:86-98.

Lerner, Daniel. The Passing of Traditional Society 60; 2008.
Available:http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/evaluation/evalsed/guide/development/
strengthening_sed/sed_theory_en.htm

Masuda, Kazuya, Yoko Sakai. Secondary education and international labor mobility: Evidence from the free secondary education reform in the Philippines. Technical report. CEI Working Paper Series, No. 2018-5. Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
Available:http://cei.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/English/index.html

Olaniyan DA, Okemakinde T. Human capital theory: Implications for educational development. European Journal of Scientific Research. 2008;24(2):157-162.
[ISSN: 1450-216X]
Available:http://www.eurojournals.com.ejsr.htm

Gozun Brian C, John Paolo R. Rivera. Role of education in encouraging youth employment and entrepreneurship. De La Salle University Business & Economics Review. 2017;27(1):72–88.
Available:http://dlsu-ber.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/4gozun-072617.pdf

Mojares, Juvy G. Urbanization & its effect in Calabarzon Area, Philippines. Journal of Global Intelligence & Policy. 2013;6(10): 24-40

Regmi, Ram Krishna. Urbanization AND related environmental issues of metro manila. Journal of Advanced College of Engineering and Management. 2017;3.

Davis M. Planet of slums. New York: verso London: Earthscan; 2006.

Neuwirth R. Shadow cities: A billion squatters, a new urban world. London and New York: Routledge; 2006.

Mojares Juvy G, Philip D. Geneta. The Malvar Code: An evaluation of the environmental policy framework of Malvar, Batangas, Philippines. Countryside Development Research Journal of Samar State University. 2015;3(1).

Hardoy J, Satterthwaite D. Squatter citizen – Life in the urban Third World. London: Earthscan. 1995;301.

World Health Organization. Last update: Household air pollution and health; 2014.
Available:www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs292/en/