Improving the Reading Comprehension Skills of Grade 5 Pupils Using Localized Reading Selections
Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies,
The ability to comprehend from a reading selection has been one of the major problems of language teachers. A lot of teaching methods and strategies has been developed to address the issue. This paper dealt with the use of localized reading selection to improve the reading comprehension skills of grade 5 pupils of San Mariano Elementary School in Sta Marcela, Apayao, Philippines.
The two group pretest-posttest experimental design was used. Results of the study came up with the following findings: The level of comprehension of the experimental group and control group in their pre-test is both developing levels. The level of comprehension of the experimental group in their post-test is proficient level while the control group remains developing level. There is no significant difference in the mean comprehension skills of the experimental and control group in their pre-test. However, during their post-test, their mean comprehension skill is significant.
After conducting the study, the researcher concluded that using localized reading selections is effective to improve the comprehension skills of the grade 5 pupils. It was proven by the mean score of pupils’ achievement before and after giving treatment to experimental group.
Based on the indicated findings, the following conclusions were drawn: The level of comprehension of the respondents both control group and experimental group during pre-test were developing level and majority of them were under emerging level. The level of comprehension of the control group during post-test is stagnant to developing level while the experimental groups levelled up to proficient level. Since majority of the respondents in control group were stagnant to emerging level while the experimental group majority of them levelled up to proficient level. Localization of reading selections has a positive effect to the reading comprehension of the respondents.
- Localized reading selection
- reading comprehension
- reading comprehension skills
How to Cite
Estremera ML, Estremera GL. Factors affecting the reading comprehension of grade six pupils in the city division of Sorsogon, Philippines as the basis for the development of the instructional model. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences. 2018;5(3):72-78.
Lartec, Jane K. et al. Strategies and Problems Encountered by Teachers in Implementing Mother Tongue - Based Instruction in a Multilingual Classroom; 2014.
Al Khateeb O. The Impact of Using KWL Strategy on Grade Ten Female Students' Reading Comprehension of Religious Concepts in Ma'an City; 2010. Retrieved August 10, 2010 from World Wide Web
Villamin, Araceli M., Evelyn S. Salazar, and Wilhelmina Gatmaitan. Developmental Reading. Phoenix Publishing House; 1987.
Bonganciso, Ruel T. "Effects of contextualization on the reading comprehension performance of Filipino learners. Asia Pacific Higher Education Research Journal (APHERJ). 2016;3(1).
Corpuz, Brenda B, Gloria G. Salandanan, and Dalisay V. Rigor. Principles of teaching 2. Lorimar Publishing; 2006.
Kukla, André. Social constructivism and the philosophy of science. Routledge; 2013.
Fernandez, Dexter V. Effectiveness of contextualized graphic novel in developing the reading comprehension of the grade seven students of a school.
Slavin, Robert E., et al. Effective reading programs for middle and high schools: A best‐evidence synthesis. Reading Research Quarterly. 2008;43(3):290- 322.
Milo D. A Study of Common Reading Difficulties and Disabilities in Elementary Classes of Public Schools in the City of Manila. (Unpublished Master’s Thesis) UPP, Manila, Philippines; 2005.
K to 12 Curriculum Guide for English from http://www.deped.gov.ph. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
Berns RG, Erickson PM. Contextual teaching and learning: Preparing students for the new economy. 2005;(5):2-9.
https://files. eric. ed. gov/full text." ED452376.pdf
Moghaddas, Barham. "The Effect of Contextualization on The Iranian Efl learners Performance in Reading Tasks." International Journal of Educational Science and Research (IJESR). 2013; 3(2):11-20.
Abstract View: 58 times
PDF Download: 13 times