Main Article Content
Although there has been a not quite short history of language policy and planning, the attention is more paid to the macro-level policy and planning of the national government. However, recent studies have begun to move the eyes to the individual actors in the local context, thus the meso- and micro-level implementation of language policy and planning become the new topic in this field. This study adopts the new framework to analyze the individual actors’ agency in the process of implementing the macro-level multilingual education policy and planning of learning languages other than English (LOTEs). In response to the macro-level language policy and planning shifting, the individual actors conduct agentive or constrained actions to propel or impede the procedure of macro-level language policy and planning. The findings of this study highlight the importance of constructing the dialogue mechanism among the individual actors at the macro-, meso- and micro-level.
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