The Use of Lexical Hedges in Academic Writing
Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies,
Currently, in the Iraqi context, it is observed that using linguistic devices is not an obvious consideration for many Iraqi English writers. Although the significance of these devices such as hedging which is the focus of this study in writing is beyond argument. In this sense, this study examined the types and frequency of lexical hedges employed by Iraqi writers in the introduction section of academic research articles in two different fields of study. To do so, a corpus of forty research articles published in two national journals were randomly selected. The procedure of the analysis and interpretation includes calculating the raw frequency of the hedging identifications and types in the introduction sections. The results show that hedges allow researchers to establish an early niche for their research. Also, the results indicate that there are significant differences between both groups in using hedging devices in writing the Introduction. The total number of hedging devices reveals that science writers employed hedging devices in writing the introductions more than humanities writers do. This indicates that science writers are more cautious in rejecting and/ or confirming ideas of others work. The present findings can be employed in teaching writing that is to show the importance of focusing on rhetorical structures rather than only on grammar. It also recommended that more national studies need to fill the desire of paying more attention to the other rhetorical devices that are important in academic writing to allow Iraqi research in all fields of knowledge to spread out internationally.
- academic writing
- Iraqi context
- rhetorical devices
- science and humanities writers
How to Cite
Biber D. Variation across Speech and Writing.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press; 1988. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511621024.
Çakır H. Native and non-native writers’ use of stance adverbs in english research article abstracts. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics. 2016;6:85-96.
Mauranen A. Contrastive ESP rhetoric: Metatext in finnish-english economics texts. English for Specific Purposes. 1993;12:3-22.
Hyland K. Hedging in scientific research articles. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1998.
Hyland K. Stance and engagement: A model of interaction in academic discourse. Discourse Studies. 2005;7:173-192.
Hyland K. Metadiscourse: What is it and where is it going? Journal of Pragmatics. 2017;113:16-29.
Livytska I. The Use of Hedging in Research Articles on Applied Linguistics. Journal of Language and Cultural Education. 2019;7(1):35-53.
Hyland K. The author in the text: Hedging scientific writing. Hong Kong Papers in Applied linguistic and language teaching. 1995;18.
Hyland K. Writing without conviction? Hedging in science research articles. Applied Linguistics. 1996;17:433-454.
Gherdan ME. Hedging in Academic Discourse. Romanian Journal of English Studies. 2019;16(1):123-127.
Kim LC, Lim JMH. Hedging in academic writing-a pedagogically-motivated qualitative study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015;197:600-607.
Lakoff G. Hedges: A study in meaning criteria and the logic of fuzzy concepts. Chicago Linguistic Society Papers. 1972;8:183-228.
Prince EF, Frader J, Bosk C. On hedging in physician-physician discourse. In R. J. Di Pietro, Linguistics and the professions Hillsdale, NJ: Ablex. 1982;83-97.
Crompton P. Hedging in academic writing: Some theoretical problems. English for Specific Purposes. 1997;16(4):271-287.
Uysal H. A cross-cultural study of indirectness and hedging in the conference proposals of english NS and NNS scholars. Occupying Niches: Interculturality, Cross-culturality and Aculturality in Academic Research. 2014;179-195.
Hyland K. Boosting, hedging, and the negotiation of academic knowledge. Text. 1998c;18(3):349-382.
Demir C. Hedging and academic writing: an analysis of lexical hedges. Dilve Dilbilimi Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2018; 14(4):74-92.
Samaie M, Khosravian F, Boghayeri M. The frequency and types of hedges in research article introductions by Persian and English native authors. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;98:1678-1685.
Ekoç A. Analyzing Turkish MA students’ use of lexical hedging strategies in theses abstracts. Hasan Ali Yücel Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2010;13(1):49-62.
Hardjanto TD. Hedging through the use of modal auxiliaries in English academic discourse. Humaniora. 2016;28(1):37-50.
Subich V, Mingazova N, Al-foadi RA. Structure and functions of quantifier words (in english, russian and japanese). National Academy of Managerial Staff of Culture and Arts Herald. 2018;3.
Abstract View: 103 times
PDF Download: 27 times