Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJL2C/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) on all aspects of 'language, literature, and culture'. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies en-US Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies The Role of Sociolinguistic Competence in Developing Second Language Learners’ Proficiency <p>The study investigates the role of Sociolinguistic Competence in developing second language (L2) learners’ proficiency. Some linguists argue that if sociolinguistic competence is incorporated in teaching L2, it would enhance learners’ spoken and written proficiency. Learners find it hard to establish fluent spoken and written communications because L2 learning is replete with teaching, learning and internalization of language rules. Learners are exposed to linguistic rules without explicit instruction on the culture of the language. The research aims at examining whether explicit knowledge of sociolinguistic competence enhances L2 learners’ fluency or not. The study is supported by the sociocultural theory, while Oral Reading Methodology was used for data collection where approximately thirty Senior Secondary school students were selected from each of seven schools to read two passages of almost the same length. The first passage which reflected the Hausa culture presented a story about a poor girl. The use of language (English) in the passage is purely Nigerian. The second passage reflected the English culture and was a story about a young girl; the use of language in the passage was native-speaker version. The subjects were timed to read the two passages with a short interval between the readings. The findings showed that in the first passage, the reading was fluent and the subjects comprehended the message. In reading the second passage, the subjects were less fluent. Their comprehension of the message contained in the passage was poor. The implication is that lack of exposure to the English culture makes it difficult for L2 learners to comprehend some ideas, thoughts, experiences or attitudes especially when expressed by a native speaker. In an attempt to comprehend and express certain phenomena, learners make frequent pragmatic transfers in their use of English to describe the context in question.</p> Aliyu Yahaya Ibrahim Nwabudike, Christopher E. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 12 21 Evaluation of Accentuated Pre-loved Dress using Apayao Woven Textiles <p>The use of pre-loved dress is becoming a popular in the fashion industry especially in the third world countries. This study used Apayao woven textile to improve enhance pre-loved dresses through accentuation. There are 11 pre-loved dresses used in the study.</p> <p>The Research and Development model by Borg and Gall was used as the design of the study. The accentuated pre-loved dress were evaluated by experts from the fashion industry and some personnel from the Provincial Tourism Office (PTO).</p> <p>Results showed that majority of the accentuated pre-loved dresses have very satisfactory rating and they are very much acceptable.</p> <p>Based on the findings, the following conclusions are drawn:1).There are 11 improved pre-loved dresses through accentuation of Apayao woven textiles; 2). Majority of the improved pre-loved dresses were rated very satisfactory and excellent. In terms of marketability, most of them are&nbsp; very much acceptable; 3). All the 11 accentuated pre-loved dresses yielded a positive return on Investment (ROI).</p> <p>In the light of the findings and conclusion, the following are forwarded as recommendations:</p> <ol> <li>Utilize Apayao hand woven textiles for the enhancement/ improvement of pre-loved clothing.&nbsp;&nbsp;</li> <li>Apply for industrial design registration of the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) the designs used for accentuating the pre-loved dresses.</li> <li>Conduct training to women and sectoral group to disseminate results of this study.</li> </ol> <p>Forward the result of this study to the provincial office and other offices for the promotion, adoption and marketing to boost the loom weaving industry of the province.</p> Ronald O. Ocampo Rema Bascos- Ocampo Don John N. Fronda ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 22 35 A Study on the Factors Influencing Employee Motivation and its Impact on Job Performance in Higher Education Institutions in Sultanate of Oman <p>The study investigates the impact of intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors on employee performance in a selected higher education institution in the Sultanate of Oman. A random sample of 186 employees were chosen through the stratified random sampling technique. The result showed that the most consistent variable among the intrinsic factors that influence the employee performance is the working conditions and among the extrinsic factors it is the Salary and increments. The least consistent intrinsic variable is the Staff development and least consistent extrinsic variable is promotion and growth. There is a weak positive relationship between the intrinsic variables and employee performance except for employee empowerment showing a weak negative relationship with the performance of the employees. Similarly, there is a weak positive relationship between all extrinsic variables and employee performance except for promotion and growth variable which shows a weak negative relationship with the employee performance. The intrinsic variables namely employee engagement, employee empowerment and staff development and the extrinsic variables namely promotion and growth and Job Security have significant impact on the performance of the employees. The study recommends that the institution shall focus on employee empowerment and engagement strategies, design the staff development activities giving emphasis to relevance and suitability and improve promotion/growth opportunities so as to improve the motivation of employees which can lead to better employee performance.</p> Diana Fernandez Majid Khamis Al Qassabi Abdul Rahman Al Masroori Amjad Sulaiman Al Rawahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-18 2022-06-18 36 50 Effects of Poor Sleep Quality on Attention, Anxiety and Foreign Language Performance in EFL College Students <p>Sleep quality has been found to be a critical issue to students’ learning. The objective of the study was to investigate whether poor sleep quality impact inattention, foreign language learning anxiety, and foreign language performance in EFL college students. English scores of the receptive skills, reading and listening, inattention and foreign language learning anxiety were examined in 148 English major college students in Taiwan, who were divided into experimental group with Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)&gt;5 (Poor-Sleep Group, n=70) and control group with PSQI&lt;=5 (Normal-Sleep Group, n=78).&nbsp; Inattention and Foreign Language Learning Anxiety were significantly (<em>P&lt;0.05</em>) severer and higher in Poor-Sleep Group than in Normal-Sleep Group. English listening test scores were significantly lower in Poor-Sleep Group than in Normal-Sleep Group. However, English reading test scores were not different between Poor-Sleep Group and Normal-Sleep Group. Poor sleep quality in EFL College students with co-existed more attention deficits and higher foreign language learning anxiety did negatively influence English listening performance, but did not influence English reading performance.</p> Shu-Ping Lee Chu-Ling Hsu Shu-Jen Lee Shin-Da Lee ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-12 2022-07-12 51 56 Nigerian Pidgin as a National Tool for Communication <p>The research hinges on the national adverts created with the use of Nigerian Pidgin. Nigerian pidgin has always been a language frowned at, mostly when used among the literates or in an official occasion. However presently, it has become a language used for national adverts in order to disseminate information that is meant for all, both the literates and illiterates. Random sampling was utilized to find the advertisements for this study on YouTube. The ultimate goal of this project is to depict national advertisements that employ Nigerian pidgin to inform the public about the current difficulties that the country is facing. The Nigerian lexical stocks seen on advertisements that used Nigerian pidgin rather than Pidgin English are also investigated. From the findings, in order to communicate effectively to the people due to the multi-ethnicity of Nigeria, Nigerian pidgin has been used in adverts for various purposes. These include an advert on family planning which aims to educate people on how to checkmate over-population which exposes youths to various vices, an advert on registration for voters card in the bid to curbing electoral malpractices, an advert on educating people on the safety measures to prevent contracting of Corona Virus and an advert on how to help government in protecting the lives and properties of the people by reporting anything that is unusual within the community. As a result, individuals would be able to take the appropriate action since they comprehend the message if they utilize Nigerian pidgin. Furthermore, the above Nigerian Pidgin advertisements show some of the Nigerian languages' lexical stocks in Nigerian pidgin, which contradicts the term 'Pidgin English.' Finally, because Nigerian pidgin is growing popularity in the country, it is suggested that several linguistic issues be investigated in order to make it a more functional and acceptable language for everybody.</p> Amaka Yvonne Okafor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 1 11