Experiment of Writing in the Film The Pillow Book: Analyzing Third World Women’s Gender/National Subjectivity,” indicates that the subversion of writing, gender, and national subjectivity are closely related because women from the East are usually exploited or their image is distorted and reduced to that of an exotic sexual plaything in Hollywood films. Regarding film narratives, The Pillow Book overcomes the limited choice of writing materials. Moreover, women become writers and escape the fate of being passively written on like paper in this film. By choosing to be a pen themselves, women claim the power of active writing. This paper aims to analyze the gender/national subjectivity in the film from Third World Feminism’s point of view.
Some critics and scholars have overblown the issue of obscurity in the poetry of Wole Soyinka. These critics have succeeded in making a myth out of this perceived obscurity. Admittedly, his poems are not easily accessible to the average reader, but with a little effort, one finds them as academically engaging as well as rewarding. Symbolism is a major feature of his poetry. It is difficult to come across a direct statement in his poems. Like the symbolist poets, he places his faith in the personal, the subjective and the associative. He portrays the realities of his experiences through the use of images and symbols which evoke a certain emotional feeling in the reader. Despite the charges of obscurity and impenetrability made against Soyinka by the critics, it is very rewarding to study his poetry. Soyinka has enormous experiences that he wants to convey; and to do this effectively, he uses an assemblage of imagery, symbolism, and allusion to delineate his poetic trajectory. The present thesis I posit is that Soyinka’s poetry is neither difficult nor obscure but rather glows with a rich resource of symbolism in the order of the symbolist poets. This critical inquiry is anchored on the concept of symbolism.
This paper aims to focus the racism and slavery in Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, even though Mark Twain is a comic writer who often treats his subject satirically but Huckleberry Finn also discussing slavery and racial decimation from one character to others and some palaces. Racism in contemporary world affairs is disguised, and it is what some refer to as symbolic racism, modern racism or aversive racism. But his best-known work, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, is a major American satire which is not vindictive, not loaded with invective, and not bitter. His targets, clearly defined, are made to look ridiculous but the irony is light and humour is strong. Thus, his most famous satirical novel vividly departs from the techniques most frequently associated with his satirical reputation.
With the development of ecocriticism as a literary theory that brings in other disciplines into literature, literary artists have been provided with a framework which treats the relationship between humans, nature and the environment and to find significant ways by which this relationship can be encompassing. Humankind’s search for a suitable life has led to a conscious or unconscious destruction of nature’s elements, which elements are very useful in defining individuals within specific cultural and geographical locations. The central argument in this paper rests on the significance of nature in authenticating individual and collective belonging to given spaces with respect to the coloniser/ colonised matrix. Kincaid, in her 1996 fictional autobiographical novel, The Autobiography of My Mother, uses elements of nature to defend the collective cultural and personal values of the Dominican people and a vehicle for literary aesthetics. Considering the humans’ dependence on nature for their wellbeing, this study opts for an ecological consciousness that will help preserve nature and by extension, humankind.
Aim: To investigate the effects of Reader’ Theatre (RT) on reading motivation in English of grade nine Omani male pupils. Also, this research attempts to explore the pupils’ perceptions towards RT approach.
Study Design: This was a quasi-experimental research.
Place and Duration of Study: An 8-week study was conducted at Al-Mothana Bin Haritha public boys’ school in Muscat, Oman at the Basic Education level for the academic year 2018.
Methodology: The sample consisted of two intact classes comprising sixty three grade nine Omani male students. The experimental class was exposed to RT for six weeks, while the control class was not. The same excerpts from Frankenstein story was given to the control class and the experimental class over a period of six weeks. Five pupils from the experimental class were interviewed after the intervention of RT to explore their perceptions towards the effectiveness of RT. An adapted version of A’Riyami’s  questionnaire on reading motivation, semi-structured interviews and observations were the instruments used in this research.
Results: Results from the questionnaire used showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the two classes. The interviews indicated that the pupils had a positive attitude towards the RT approach as it supported them to develop their reading.
Conclusion: Recommendations were made to introduce RT for grade nine male pupils in public schools in Oman.