Premchand’s Idea of Progressive Literature
Asian Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, Volume 6, Issue 1,
In his life spanning the last two decades of the nineteenth century and about three and half decades of the twentieth century, Premchand chose to write about the stark realities of Indian masses—greed, poverty, subjugation, exploitation, caste system, gender bias and corruption. Premchand's idea of progressive literature emphasized the need for writers to focus on the lives and struggles of the common people, and to portray their experiences in a realistic and empathetic manner. He believed that literature should serve as a mirror of society, reflecting the realities of the world around us and inspiring readers to work towards a more just and equitable society. For Premchand, the role of the writer was not just to entertain, but also to educate and enlighten readers about social issues and the struggles of the oppressed. He advocated for a literature that was rooted in the cultural and social context of its time, and that drew inspiration from the lives of ordinary people. This essay discusses his views on progressive literature and impact of his views and works on Hindustani artistic and literary works.
- Progressive literature
- myriad variables
- literary theory
- literature’s function
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